• Cancerkin and Hackney Chinese Community Services
• The Judas Kiss
• Largest ever study conducted into Hodgkin lymphoma and breast cancer
• Association found between a high GI diet and ER negative breast cancer in post-menopausal women
Cancerkin and Hackney Chinese Community Services
Following on from the success of last week’s Cantonese event, the Cancerkin team returned to the Hackney Chinese Community Services centre to speak about being breast aware to a group of Mandarin speakers. As well as giving an engaging presentation, with much audience participation, we also provided translated breast awareness booklets to overcome any language barriers. Many thanks again to the centre for the support they gave us.
The Judas Kiss
The production of ‘The Judas Kiss’ held at the Hampstead Theatre on the 10th October is already proving very popular. Tickets are still available at the price of £50. We hope very much to see you there. To reserve tickets, please contact Laura on firstname.lastname@example.org or visit our website.
Largest ever study conducted into Hodgkin lymphoma and breast cancer
The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) conducted a study in collaboration with doctors across England and Wales, finding that women who have been treated for Hodgkin lymphoma at a young age have up to a 50% chance of developing breast cancer over the 40 years after treatment.
The study, funded by Breakthrough Breast Cancer, was the world’s largest study of its kind, looking at over 5000 women, all who had been treated for Hodgkin lymphoma under the age of 36, over a 50 year period. They found that the risk of breast cancer increased fivefold for women who had received radiotherapy to their chest as part of their treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma. Although it was already known these women were at increased risk of breast cancer, this research was able to indentify the effect of specific factors, such as the age a women received her treatment, the type of treatment and the length of time that has elapsed since then. This allows the prediction of an individual’s likelihood to develop cancer based on their individual circumstances.
The study shows that women who had radiotherapy treatment to their chest between the ages of 10- 14 have the greatest risk, being 22 times more likely to have the disease than the general population of their age. These risks have been shown to remain for at least 40 years, with women in their 50s and 60s also at greater risk.
Professor Anthony Swerdlow, from the ICR notes that ‘by following such a large group of women over such a long time period, we have created the most detailed picture yet of the risks these women face. Importantly, our study enables this group of women to receive clear information about their personal breast cancer risk…It takes us a step closer to more-personalised medical plans.’
For more information, read the full article on the Breakthrough Breast Cancer website.
Association found between a high GI diet and ER negative breast cancer in post-menopausal women
A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has found an association between a high glycemic index (GI) diet and the risk of having oestrogen receptor negative (ER negative) breast cancer in post-menopausal women.
The research was undertaken by The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), which analysed data from 334,849 women aged 34 to 66. Although there was no overall association between glycemic load (GL) or carbohydrate consumption during an 11.5 year follow-up period, a positive association was found when focusing specifically on post-menopausal women. When considering only post-menopausal women, they found those with the highest glycemic load were 36% more likely to have ER-negative breast cancer than those with a lower load, with 158 cases in the highest-GL group versus only 11 cases in the lowest-GL group.
The glycemic index (GI) of food indicates the effect it has on blood sugar, with glycemic load a measurement of how a carbohydrate-containing food increases blood sugar level. Foods with a high GI are those which cause a rapid spike in blood sugar, such processed foods made from white flour, potatoes and sweets. It is thought a diet with high GI, which therefore gives a high GL, may increase the risk of breast cancer by increasing the production of insulin, which has been linked to certain cancers.
Christina Clarke, from the Cancer Prevention Institute of California said the results are interesting as so much less is known about the causes of ER-negative breast cancer, which accounts for a approximately a quarter of breast cancer cases, with this study providing ‘a really important clue for future research’. Clarke, who was not involved in the study, suggests that this research may indicate a role for insulin pathways in ER-negative breast cancer, and that future research needs to be done to investigate this association further.
For further information, click here or here.
Holly Lovering & Laura Smith